Programs

 

Past Programs

Conflict Resolution and Peace Building in Nepal

 

Activity Summary

 

The 10-year long armed conflict between the Maoists and the government has widely disrupted Nepal's social, economic and political environments. The loss of thousands of human lives, destruction of the basic physical infrastructure and displacement of civilians are some of the harsh effects which are too difficult to bear for a poor and underdeveloped country like Nepal. In addition to this, the lack of peace and security has caused massive violation of human rights making the lives of children, women and elderly people even more difficult.

 

The only way out of the violent armed struggle could be peaceful negotiations between the government and the Maoists. Their commitment to constructive dialogue and adoption of peaceful means could provide a peaceful transformation of Nepal's conflict and re-structuring of Nepal's traditional socio-political structure. Fortunately, the success of the people's movement of April 2006 created an environment for principled negotiation for both the government and the Maoists, and several rounds of negotiations have already been conducted.

 

The civil society has several important roles to perform in this whole context. An active and constructive civil society can not only provide vital contribution in building confidence among the conflicting parties, but it can also contribute to build peace and strengthen democracy at the local levels. The constructive participation of the civil society in the peace process can ensure sustainable peace and strong democracy which the people of Nepal currently aspire for.

 

The role of the civil society in the peace process can be made more constructive by building the capacity of the civil society workers. Realizing this need, the National Peace Campaign recently organized two programs aimed at building capacity of the civil society in peace-building. The first was a Master Training for the trainers and the second was a seminar of women to build strategy for peace. Both of these activities were conducted under Conflict Resolution and Peace Building in Nepal project which has been supported by the European Union. Following are the details of the programs.

 

To the top


Study Visit to South Africa : Democratic Constitution-making and Peace-building

 

Study Visit to South Africa

 

The study visit was conducted to South Africa for the policy makers, CA members, younger and women politicians. The visit was organized in Johannesburg, Pretoria and Soweto in South Africa in September 8 to 18, 2008 where 24 participants were attended. The visit was facilitated by the international consultant of NPC, Liz Philipson. 

 

A number of renowned experts and practitioners who directly involved in peace process of South Africa presented their experiences of peace and constitution making process. The content of the study visit incorporated issues such as constitutional issues and constitution making process, electoral systems, managing arms and armies, security for the people, rule of law, political party building, role of political parties in democracy, federal system, addressing impunity etc. The study visit also incorporated a field trip to Sweto city which was crucial place for the South African movement against apartheid. Similarly, the study visit included the visit to the state institutions and office of the political party. Furthermore, the participant visited the apartheid museum where they had the opportunity to observe the movement against apartheid in South Africa. 

 

The presentation of each session was followed by interactions between the experts and participants and also among the participants themselves. At the end of everyday program, reflection of the sessions was carried out and the participants had in-depth discussion and analysis of the sessions with the chief facilitator and among themselves. The discussion and analysis were also followed by group works and presentations. This process was helpful for the participants to draw lessons from the South African experiences and their implications for Nepal's peace process.  

 

At the end of the program, participants had discussed to form a loose core team for supporting the current peace process and the constitution making process. The loose core team will further work for sharing the gain knowledge to their respected institutions, fellows and concerned others. The participants decided to form the loose core team in near future with having further discussion.  

 

Follow-up: A half-day workshop was conducted in Kathmandu on 27 November 2008 as a follow-up of the study visit to South Africa. The participants discussed on how to share and disseminate the gained knowledge/skills during the study visit to their respected institutions, fellows and concerned individuals in the follow-up workshop. They further discussed on how to implicate lessons from the peace and constitution making process of South Africa to Nepal's current peace process. The participants expressed their expectations from the NPC for continuation of such types of programs with broadly focusing on developing capacity of the younger politicians in future.

 

To the top

 

Regional Training in Pokhara to Build Capacity for Conflict Transformation and Peace-building

 

regional training in pokhara

 

The Western Regional training/workshop on conflict transformation and peace-building was conducted in Pokhara from 12 to16 August 2007. During the program the team of the trainers from the National Peace Campaign provided training to thirty two participants who were actively involved in conflict transformation and peace-building, human rights and development activities.

 

The training/workshop incorporated issues such as conflict, violence, peace, conflict analysis, methods of conflict transformation, components of post conflict peace-building process, transitional justice, truth and reconciliation commission, arms management, role of civil society in peace-building and etc. Under the conflict analysis session, the participants learnt to use the conflict analysis tools more effectively by applying them to analyze national and local conflicts from various perspectives.

 

The participants of the program received highly valuable insights from the trainer, and actively participated in the group exercises. The group exercises and presentations by the participants explored different crucial issues related to the transformation of Nepal's conflict and more specific local conflicts. The training was conducted in interactive manner allowing every participant to raise her/his views, comments and criticisms of the ideas on the subjects.

 

In addition to the training/workshop, a half day program on constituent assembly was conducted by the expert of the constitutional law Bhimarjun Acharya. The half day program incorporated the processes and steps for making new constitution through constituent assembly. Similarly, the short session on federalism was also included in the training/workshop. Opportunities and challenges for the federal system were incorporated in the session.

 

At the end of the program, the participants discussed to form a loose/informal network for sharing their views, relevant information, and practical knowledge to support each other in the conflict transformation and peace-building activities. The participants decided to form the loose network in recent future with having further discussions.

 

To the top

 

Regional Training in Nepalgunj to Build Capacity for Conflict Transformation and
Peace-building

 

Regional Training in Nepalgunj to Build Capacity for Conflict Transformation and

 

The Mid-western regional training/workshop on conflict transformation and peace-building was conducted in Nepalgunj from 4 to 8 July 2007. The training also covered the Far-western region. During the training program the team of the trainers from the National Peace Campaign provided training to twenty nine participants who were actively involved in conflict transformation and peace-building, human rights and development activities.

The training/workshop incorporated issues such as conflict, violence, peace, conflict analysis, methods of conflict transformation, post conflict peace-building process, transitional justice, arms management, role of civil society in peace-building and etc. Under the conflict analysis session, the participants learnt to use the conflict analysis tools more effectively by applying them to analyze national and local conflicts from various perspectives.

The participants of the program received highly valuable insights from the trainer, and actively participated in the group exercises. The group exercises and presentations by the participants explored different crucial issues related to the transformation of Nepal's conflict and more specific local conflicts. The training was conducted in interactive manner allowing every participant to raise her/his views, comments and criticisms of the ideas on the subjects.

In addition to the training/workshop, a half day program on constituent assembly was conducted by the expert of the constitutional law Bhimarjun Acharya. The half day program incorporated the processes and steps for making new constitution through constituent assembly.

 

To the top

Seminar to Build-up Strategy for Peace (Business Community)

Seminar  to Build-up Strategy for Peace (Business Community)

 

The National Peace Campaign organized a seminar to build-up strategy for peace (Business Community) in Kathmandu in March 23, 2007. The seminar was facilitated by the NPC's international resource person Liz Philipson who has been actively engaged in Nepal's peace process through various informal channels and Ebrahim Ebrahim who had played key role in South African peace process.

The seminar inspired the business people for their active involvement in the peace process. During the seminar the participants explored and analyzed various roles which could be played by business community in Nepal's peace process. The participants had the opportunity to know about the South African peace process and role of the business community in it. During the seminar the participants discussed the possibility of establishing a network/alliance between the Nepalese and South African business community for sharing views on their role in the peace process. 

 

To the top

Seminar to Build-up Strategy for Peace (Policy Makers)

 

 

The National Peace Campaign organized a seminar to build-up strategy for peace (Policy-Makers) in Godawari from 18-19 March 2007. The seminar was facilitated by the NPC's international resource person Liz Philipson who has been actively engaged in Nepal's peace process through various informal channels and Ebrahim Ebrahim who had played key role in South African peace process. 21 participants from the major political parties were participated in the seminar.

The seminar was focused on analyzing the role of policy makers in Nepal's peace process. The policymakers belonging to all major political parties (including the Maoists) participated in the seminar and collectively explored the measures for transforming violent conflict into peaceful democratic environment. The participants had the opportunity to know about the patience and wisdom shown by the politicians in South African peace process. The participants had very insightful interaction, group discussions and presentations through which they analyzed major challenges to constituent assembly vis-à-vis major priority areas for the political parties such as party building, institutionalizing democracy, reducing social inequality, etc.

The cross-party politicians realized that it is important for all democratic forces to work collectively to make the process of political transformation more sustainable and fruitful for the nation. The interaction between the resource persons and the participants made the politicians realize the fact that the roles of political parties are crucial to the success or failure of Nepal's peace process.

 

To the top

 

Regional Training in Janakpur to Build Capacity for Conflict Transformation and Peace-building

 

The Central Regional training/workshop on conflict transformation and peace-building was conducted in Janakpurdham from 21 to 25 December 2006.  During the program the team of the trainers of the National Peace Campaign provided training to twenty six participants who were actively involved in conflict transformation and peace-building, human rights and development activities.

The training/workshop incorporated issues such as conflict, violence, peace, conflict analysis, process of conflict transformation, transitional justice, arms management, role of civil society in peace-building etc.  Under the conflict analysis session, the participants learnt to use the conflict analysis tools more effectively by applying them to analyze national and local conflicts from various perspectives. 

The participants of the program received highly valuable insights from the trainer, and actively participated in the group exercises. The group exercises and presentations by the participants explored different crucial issues related to the transformation of Nepal's conflict and more specific local conflicts. The training was conducted in interactive manner allowing every participant to raise her/his views, comments and criticisms of the ideas on the subjects.

In addition to the training/workshop, a half day program on constituent assembly was conducted by the expert of the constitutional law Bhimarjun Archaya. The half day program incorporated the processes and steps for making new constitution through constituent assembly. 

At the end of the program, the participants formed a loose/informal network named "Central Peace Network" by the coordination of Ananda Dahal for sharing their views, relevant information, and practical knowledge to support each other in the conflict transformation and peace-building activities.

 

 

Regional Training in Biratnagar to Build Capacity for Conflict Transformation and Peace-building

 

 

The Eastern Regional training/workshop on conflict transformation and peace-building was conducted in Biratnagar from 15 to 19 December 2006.  During the program the team of the trainers of the National Peace Campaign provided training to twenty nine participants who were actively involved in conflict transformation and peace-building, human rights and development activities.
  
The training/workshop incorporated issues such as conflict, violence, peace, conflict analysis, process of conflict transformation, transitional justice, arms management, role of civil society in peace-building etc.  Under the conflict analysis session, the participants learnt to use the conflict analysis tools more effectively by applying them to analyze national and local conflicts from various perspectives. 

The participants of the program received highly valuable insights from the trainer, and actively participated in the group exercises. The group exercises and presentations by the participants explored different crucial issues related to the transformation of Nepal's conflict and more specific local conflicts. The training was conducted in interactive manner allowing every participant to raise her/his views, comments and criticisms of the ideas on the subjects.

In addition to the training/workshop, a half day program on constituent assembly was conducted by the expert of the constitutional law Bhimarjun Archaya. The half day program incorporated the processes and steps for making new constitution through constituent assembly. 

At the end of the program, the participants formed a loose/informal network named "Eastern Peace Network" for sharing their views, relevant information, and practical knowledge to support each other in the conflict transformation and peace-building activities.

 

To the top

 

Seminar to Build-Up Strategy for Peace (Women)

 

 

The National Peace Campaign organized a seminar to build strategy for peace in Kathmandu from 12-13 July 2006. The seminar was titled "Women, Peace Process and Institutionalization of Democracy in Nepal".  The seminar was conducted by the NPC's international resource person Liz Philipson, and was facilitated by Kanaka Abeygunawardana. Altogether twenty-nine women members of different civil society organizations took part in the seminar.

 

During the seminar, the participants did in-depth analyses of Nepal's peace process from various perspectives. The participants used various conflict analysis tools to analyze Nepal's conflict and to examine the strength and weaknesses of Nepal's peace process. The participants also took part in group-works and presentations in which they presented their analysis of the current political, economic and sociocultural environments of Nepal.

 

In the next session, the participants discussed the need of women's active participation in the peace process and the process of strengthening democracy. During this session, the women participants discussed the cases related to women's participation in the peace process from other parts of the world. The participants did an in-depth analysis of how women could contribute to leading the peace process towards success and sustainability. Similarly, the women participants explored the major areas in which women's participation could provide significant contribution to the peace process.

 

At the end of the seminar the participants reached to the conclusion that Nepal's peace process lacked women's meaningful participation. They also viewed that women's participation needs to be ensured at every level and every stage of the peace process for the peace agreement to be sustainable and meaningful for the people. Considering this need, the participants prepared a policy paper which delineates the ways to ensure women's participation in the peace process and the process of strengthening democracy.

 

Follow-Up: A follow-up seminar war organized on 8 September 2006 in Kathmandu to further discuss on the issues analyzed in the seminar to build up strategy for peace. During the follow-up meeting, the participants discussed on the issues regarding women's participation in the peace process, and finalized the policy paper which was developed during the earlier seminar.

 

To the top

 

Master Training to Build Capacity for Conflict Transformation and Peace-building

 

 

The Master Training (Training for Trainers) was conducted in Kathmandu from 7 to 10 July 2006. During the program the National Peace Campaign's international resource person Liz Philipson provided training to twenty-six participants who were actively involved in conflict transformation and peace building activities. The training was facilitated by Kanaka Abeygunawardana, a Sri Lankan peace expert.

 

The master training incorporated issues such as conflict analysis, comprehensive peace agreement, process of conflict transformation, process of democratic peace, etc. Under the conflict analysis session, the participants learnt to use the conflict analysis tools more effectively by applying them to analyze Nepal's conflict from various perspectives. Training on comprehensive peace agreement included the role of a comprehensive peace agreement in transforming the violent conflict. The session on process of conflict transformation incorporated issues such as inclusivity, negotiation skills, reframing the conflict and the role of civil society in the peace process. Discussions on violence, transitional justice, truth commission, arms management, etc. were conducted under the processes of democratic peace session.

 

The participants of the program received highly valuable insights from the trainer, and actively participated in the group exercises. The group exercises and presentations by the participants explored different crucial issues related to the transformation of Nepal's conflict. The training was conducted in interactive manner allowing every participant to raise her/his views, comments and criticisms of the ideas on the subjects.

In addition to the presentations and group exercises, the participants also took parts in various exercises aimed at developing their communication/negotiation skills. The exercises such as visioning, fish-bowl, ball-throwing, etc. were conducted to provide practical knowledge to the participants about the risks and challenges involved in their role as peace workers.

 

At the end of the seminar, the participants formed a loose/informal network for sharing their views, relevant information, and practical knowledge to support each other in the conflict transformation and peace-building activities.

 

Follow-Up:  A half-day workshop was conducted in Kathmandu on 17 September 2006 as a follow-up of the Mater Training. The workshop was conducted by NPC's international resource persons Liz Philipson. During the follow-up workshop the participants discussed on the knowledge/skills gained during the Mater Training and their applicability at the field level. Liz Philipson also provided the trainers with some new and additional information/skills useful for the trainers.

 

To the top